A part of the Navajo Indian Reservation.

Program aids Native Americans.


This is not Just a one reservation problem!

This disturbing story barely touches the reality that is everyday life on many Reservations in the United States.

As the woman said, people have better shacks for their lawnmowers than these people live in.

One needs only travel to anywhere, to any state, in America and spend a few minutes on a Indian (Native American) reservation to understand that these same
conditions are everywhere in Indian Country.

An example is the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota, one of the most impoverished places in America, where many Elders have no indoor plumbing, some even have no
windows, many do not have enough warm clothes, and this is an area with 60-degree-below zero winters.

It is difficult to see so many Hollywood stars traveling all over the world to bring awareness to the plights of other people, when the conditions on many
Reservations in this Country are just as bad, if not worse.

When will those who have everything in this country, even acknowledge that many of the First People of this land are in trouble and need their help just as much as those
thousands of miles away most of which we can never help because their government do not want our help?

What is that old saying?

Charity begins at Home!

Respect our Elders.

The first thing to remember, after you read the papers, listen to the radio, go to the movies or watch Television is the total disregard for life and limb by our youth in this day and age!

However, the biggest thing by far is the contempt and abuse they show for our elders, in fact, they have learned that the easy (coward) way to make money is to attack our elders.

One great big reason started long ago when first this generation stopped respecting our elders!

Growing up on my little reservation (village) everyone older then you was your elder, charged with caring for you.

Laws must to be changed to teach our young that crime does not pay!

Native Americans to honor elders at celebration


The Elders dance at Hecker Pass in Santa Clara County on the 26th Celebration.

What a great idea, Respect our elders?

Let us remember all of our elders, native and non natives, this and every weekend for the rest of the year.

Remember, if not for elders we would not be here.

If not for the teaching of our elders, we would still be hiding in trees from our predator.

If not for our elders, we would have no texting!

Native American Traditional Gift Giving?

Gift giving the American native way.

Unfortunately for me, many of the blog questions have been coming from Canada so, please be mindful of the fact that even though it is true that many of my people traveled, not knowing what a boarded was, this blog answers questions from the knowledge of my elders now ancestors.

There are many ways for you to ask your question.

Question of the day.

Does one have to give a gift at a traditional native wedding?


Every gift on Mother Earth is given by Creator freely, therefore, every gift must be given freely, no matter what the ceremony.

That said, Creator never said that you cannot give a gift your way.

Most Spiritual leaders frown on money gifts as an after though, Kinnick~ Kinnick (Herbs) would be the preferred way to gift.

You may gift or not gift whatever you wish to gift, your gift is the correct gift to give.


Because we are still receiving many inquiries about the meaning of the word Aquine,

I am putting our answer on my blogs.

My question is, “why the Traditional American Eastern Woodland people are not also answering this question”?

Just like the word (Aquai), this is a Pequot/Mohegan word  used time and time again by my Elders, now Ancestors.

While growing up on my reservation ( Reservation is a European word for Village), Uncasvillage, there  were never more than 13 families teaching our history, now there are more than 1.000 ?

We were taught our language correctly.

Aquine is something like the Algonquin word Aquene,  which means Peace, or I am a friend, I come in peace. When using this word one would have both arms out about heart high with hands palm down to show that you have no weapon.

We have no word for good-by, we use the same word Aquine, while on our way, this time, with the left hand starting from the heart, palm up and straight out, heart high.

The Pequot/Mohegan word Aquai means hello, when meeting someone in passing, a friendly Aquai as you go by.








The first time that this word was posts on a website some years ago, no Native person used it on a website or even when bloggers started, on any blog?

Would this be that this is a misused word or could it be just like everything else written on the internet about my people from 1994 on?


Just cut and paste then call it your words?


Respecting our Elders.

Native Americans to honor elders at celebration


The Elders dance at Hecker Pass in Santa Clara County on the 26th Celebration.

What a great idea, Respect our elders?

Let us remember all of our elders, native and non natives, this and every weekend for the rest of the year.

Remember, if not for elders we would not be here.

If not for the teaching of our elders, we would still be hiding in trees from our predator.

If not for our elders, no cars, no computers, no face book, no smart phones and yes, no texting!


Our Native American pipe ceremony

What is our pipe ceremony?

The ceremonial use of the pipe is a simple ritual. The peace pipe ( Friendship) is loaded with native tobacco called kinnick, kinnick a mixture of commonly found herbs.

No form of mind-altering substance is condoned by American Natives traditionalists. We do not need or use hallucinating substances.

The pipe ceremony begins with herbs, a natural substance, into a pipe and then acknowledging the four directions.

Mother Earth, point stem towards earth, and Father Sky; point stem towards the sky, it culminates with the final offering to the Great Spirit.

The pipe is held firmly by the bowl in the palm of the hand with the stem pointed outward. The last step of the pipe offering is the holding up of the pipe with its stem pointed straight upward, out into the center of the universe. Although we admit that Creator is everywhere, in ceremony it is easier to think of Creator as above.

A preference is starting in the east, because the sun rises in the east, and it is the beginning of a new day for each of us.

The following description begins with an east-facing celebrant, besides this is how we have been taught by each and every one of my elders, while teaching me that Creator always arrives from the east at our gatherings, good enough for my ancestors good enough for me!

The pipe holder stands to face the east, holding the pipe with its stem pointed eastward in one hand, a pinch of herbs ( kinnick, kinnick ) in the other, and sprinkles some herbs on the ground before inserting the herbs in the bowl of the pipe.

By sprinkling a portion on the ground, the pipe holder is acknowledging that we must always give back to Mother Earth the first part of what we have taken.

The sprinkling also demonstrates to the on looking spirit world that a portion of the herbs is for the powers from the east.

The pipe holder may ask the on lookers, please also face east while the pipe is loaded in such a manner.

Red is the east; It is where the daybreak star, the star of knowledge appears.
Red is the rising sun bringing us a new day we thank you, Great Spirit, for each new day that we are allowed to live upon Mother Earth.

From knowledge springs wisdom and goodness and we are thankful, for the morning sun that rises in the east.
Knowledge shall become the beginning of peace throughout this world.

The pipe holder turns to the south and points the pipe stem in that direction. A new pinch of herbs is held slightly above eye level in a southerly direction, on lookers should be also facing south.

The south is yellow. Mother Earth gives us growth, gives us all that sustains us, and herbs that heal us.

She brings forth the bounty of warm south wind and the yellow so that we think of strength, growth and physical healing and a time for planting.

Another pinch of herbs is put into the pipe bowl.

The pipe holder and all on lookers then face west.

Black is the color of the west where the sun goes down.
Black is darkness, release, spirit protection.
In the darkness, the spirit beings come to us.

The spirit beings warn us and protect us.

Black is the water; the life-giving rains come from the west,
where the thunder beings live Water is life.

Black stands for the spirit world where we shall all enter someday.
What we do or do not do upon this earth, we shall carry with us over into that spirit world.
We shall all join together and either be ashamed or proud of how we treated one another, how we respected or disrespected our Mother Earth,
How we respected or disrespected all living things made by the Great Creator.

We will see each other and know each other in the spirit world. Those we have harmed will remind us for eternity. The west is where our spiritual wisdom comes from
If we care to seek it.

The pipe holder sprinkles some herbs upon Mother Earth and puts some herbs into the pipe bowl.
Every time the pipe holder faces a direction, all onlookers face that direction and listen to the speakers words intently.

The last of the four directions is the north.

White is for the north power strength, endurance, purity, truth stands for the north.
The north covers our Mother Earth with the white blanket of cleansing snow the snow prevents many sicknesses.

Courage and endurance these strengths we seek and wish to be blessed with as we stand here facing north.

The herbs is sprinkled to the north and then inserted into the bowl.

Green is the color for Mother Earth

every particle of us comes from her through the food we take from her daily.

We all start out as tiny seeds we have grown to our present state and status through what she provides she is truly our mother and must be acknowledged and respected.

Kinnick~Kinnick is sprinkled upon Mother Earth and the pipe is loaded.

The pipe is then pointed at an angle to the sky. We usually point our pipe towards the sun; if it is evening, we point it towards the moon, to acknowledge Father Sky.

Father Sky gives us energy from the sun.
Father Sky provides the fire that
Fuels our homes and our lodges
And the energy that moves our bodies.

Father Sky has daily communion with our mother.
Together, they are our true parents.

Some herbs is sprinkled on the ground, and the major portion is loaded into the pipe.
The pipe receives a portion` of Kinnick~Kinnick one last time, and then the pipe is held almost straight up into the sky.

Great Spirit, Creator of us all Creator of the four directions,
Creator of our Mother Earth and Father Sky and all things, we offer this pipe.

If there is still some unburned herbs remaining in the bowl after the pipe has made its journey around the circle, the ashes will be cleaned from the pipe and sprinkled upon Mother Earth. The pipe ceremony is then finished.

A pipe is never lit or loaded indoors;

a pipe is loaded and lit outside then brought in.

A Tribal mother will usually serve as acceptor for the Kinnick~Kinnick that is normally sprinkled on Mother Earth.

The woman will take the herbs offered to the four directions, Mother Earth, Father Sky, and the Great Spirit outside at some later time and sprinkle the herbs upon the earth.

My grandfather, Sachem Chief Tallfox’s (Mgisse) friendship pipe, was awakened for him by his grandfather (Ahtchwechteed) William Thomas Storey married to Mary Tracy fielding in 1859, the pipe was blessed by Creator in 1898 at their eastern paw paus that summer!

A Native American Soaugi (Funeral)

The Eastern Woodland American Native Memorial service.

A Native American Soaugi (Funeral).

The Eastern Woodland American Native Memorial service.

As stated while writing about Ceremonies, a memorial service (soaugi) is not a ceremony, it is a prayer, there are over 1500 tribe’s still in Indian Country however, as with these ceremonies, they all have some type of funeral arrangement.

Our memorial service is not like most of the funeral’s that I have attended throughout the years.

That is not saying anything good or bad, about any service.

If you care about and you tend to your loved ones, it is good.

This prayer service is in two parts, not counting any religious service that may take place before ours.

As a Spiritual leader, asked to care for the loved one, it is preferred to allow any other religion first, to help avoid any chance adding to the family’s grief.

The first part of our soaugi will be with all that wish to attend, recording is allowed.

The friendship pipe is passed around, after some short prayers with the loved one.

Not sure that everyone knows, you do not have to smoke or even put the pipe to your lips, if you wish just hold the pipe in your right hand and touch some part of the pipe with your left hand (you may or may not know that the left hand is closest to your heart), pray if you wish and pass to the next in line.

If you are not sure if you can or should stay for the complete service, please rethink this, our loved ones, while on the road with the ancestors to see Creator, are praying on that trip for your health and your future, we all need their prayers.

Very important, the 2nd part of the soaugi is in around our loved one, allow room for those that wish to join in with the Spiritual leader around the area and be respectful.

No recording please.

Native American mourning beliefs

Questions are also being asked as to mourning of a crossing loved one?

The people in our area will love and miss our loved ones, elders, and ancestors, until we cross to be with them however, a traditional of my people knows that Creator has called them home for a good reason so we must be pleased for their good fortune.

If you have not had a Soaugi for your loved one think about a Crossing Ceremony?